India has enacted its first Lokpal, the national anti-corruption ombudsman. President Ram Nath Kovind appointed former Supreme Court judge PC Ghose as its chairperson heading
the 8 members. As per the official communiqué, the 4 judicial members are Allahabad High Court Chief Justice Dilip Babasaheb Bhosale, former Jharkhand High Court Chief Justice Pradip Kumar Mohanty, former Manipur High Court Chief Justice Abhilasha Kumari and current Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court Justice Ajay Kumar Tripathi.
The non-judicial members include Maharashtra Chief Secretary Dinesh Kumar Jain, retired IPS officer and ex-DG of Sashastra Seema Bal Archana Ramasundaram, retired IRS official Mahender Singh and retired IAS officer I P Gautam, who is currently the full time managing director of Gujarat Metro Rail Corporation (GMRC) Limited. Justice Ghosh retired as Supreme Court judge on May 2017. He is also a member of National Human Rights Commission.
The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act envisaged setting up Lokpal at center and the latter at states. The Act was enacted on 2013 and received presidential consent on 2014. However, the appointment was marred by various factors. The Act mandates that Lokpal will be headed by a chairperson, “who is or has been a Chief Justice of India or is or has been a Judge of the Supreme Court or an eminent person… of impeccable integrity and outstanding ability having special knowledge and expertise of not less than twenty-five years in matters relating to anti-corruption policy, public administration, vigilance, finance including insurance and banking, law and management”.